Shea butter is a popular ingredient in many rich moisturizers and creams, especially ones meant for the body. It is an emollient, and it can be absorbed into the skin without leaving greasy residue. It helps to soften skin and add moisturizer.
Emollients are an external ingredient that helps to soften skin that is often found in moisturizing products. Occlusives emollients create an oil layer on the skin’s surface to reduce water prevention and increase moisturization. You will often find that most lotions, creams, and ointments are occlusive moisturizers.
Toners are meant to remove oily residue, and some say that this is a skippable step for many, because the availability of cleansers today show that many cleansers have replaced this step altogether. For those with oilier skin, a toner may be necessary, though, because it can reduce the build up of the oil throughout the day.
Typically, a cleanser refers to a product used to cleanse the face either to remove normal daily build-up or makeup (or both). If you are a heavy makeup wearer, it is advisable to use separate products. Use a targeted cleanser to remove the majority of your makeup with a secondary cleanser to remove the last traces. You can always test your combined cleanser for its effectiveness by using it, and then using a makeup removing wipe to see if you missed any residue (and how much you missed). Cleansers remove oil, dirt, dead skin cells, and the like, which all help to provide the skin a chance to breathe better, renew, and keep pores open. Cleansers that contain acne-fighting ingredients may be too strong for dry skin, as many acne preventive ingredients dry out the skin. Oilier skin will demand a cleanser with more strength than drier skin, so it is important to pay attention to what kind of ingredients and what the product is advertised to do.
The point of exfoliation is to remove dead skin cells from the treated area, and this helps to give skin a fresher, healthier appearance. Exfoliation can be done using products such as micro-beads found in facial scrubs, sugar (often found in DIY recipes), or even something like a loofah (they even make loofahs strictly for the face). Typically, these types of products are found at your local drugstore or cosmetic counter. There are stronger exfoliants that are scrubs containing sailcylic acid, glycolic acid, etc., and these are usually found in lower concentrations for products you can readily get, but often available in higher dosages by dermatologists.
This type of cream was designed to help remove makeup and its buildup while giving skin a smooth appearance. Typical ingredients found in cold creams include mineral oil, borax, emulsion of water, etc. Many cold creams are known to be incredibly rich, thick, and ultra-hydrating. Despite their richness, cold creams that are hypoallergenic and do not clog pores are available. This kind of cream is often recommended for those who are prone to drier skin, because it is such a heavy and moisturizing cream.